Redl, Alfred

(1864–1913)
   Redl, a colonel on the general staff of the Austro-Hungarian imperial army, was recruited to spy for Russia by a Russian military intelligence officer. He was run by the Russian military attaché in Vienna. Redl was in charge of Austrian intelligence operations inside Russia; needless to say, his agents did not do well. He also had access to Austrian war and mobilization plans. The Redl case was a major victory for Russian intelligence in the run-up to World War I. It allowed the Russian authorities to detain more than 100 Austrian agents operating inside Russia, and it provided the Russian general staff with detailed information about Vienna’s war plans.
   Redl’s motivation in serving Moscow was complex: he reportedly was compromised as a homosexual while serving in an exchange program in Russia, but he was also paid for information. He also spied for Italy, providing intelligence information under the cryptonym “K.K.” According to recent literature about his case, he became increasingly dependant on Russian and Italian money for his lifestyle. Redl, when confronted with proof of his treachery on 25 May 1913, was allowed to commit suicide by his colleagues in the general staff. The story of Colonel Alfred Redl has spawned a number of myths. For Austrians, he was a Judas whose treason hastened the end of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Former Director of Central Intelligence Allen Dulles described Redl as “the arch-traitor” in his history of intelligence. John Osborne’s play A Patriot for Me was based on Redl’s treachery. Istvan Szabo’s celebrated film Colonel Redl, which was based on Osborne’s play, won the 1984 Oscar for the best foreign film.

Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence. . 2014.

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  • Redl, Alfred — ▪ Austrian military officer born March 14, 1864, Lemberg, Austria died May 25, 1913, Vienna       chief of intelligence for the Austrian army from 1907 to 1912 and at the same time the chief spy for tsarist Russia in Austria.       Redl was born… …   Universalium

  • Redl — Redl,   Alfred, österreichisch ungarischer Oberst, * Lemberg 14. 3. 1864, ✝ (Selbstmord) Wien 25. 5. 1913; 1900 12 im Nachrichtendienst des Generalstabs tätig; aufgrund homosexueller Neigungen zu Spionagediensten zugunsten Russlands erpresst… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Alfred Redl — Co …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alfred Redl — (* 14. März 1864 in Lemberg, Galizien; † 25. Mai 1913 in Wien) war ein österreichischer Nachrichten Offizier und berühmter Spion. Er war zuletzt Oberst der österreich ungarischen Armee und Generalstabschef des VIII. Korps in Prag. Während des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alfred Redl — (March 14 1864 – May 25 1913) was an Austrian officer who rose to head the counter intelligence efforts of Austria Hungary. He was one of the leading figures of pre World War I espionage. His term in office was marked by innovation, and he used… …   Wikipedia

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  • Colonel Redl — Redl ezredes    Film historique d István Szabó, avec Klaus Maria Brandauer (Alfred Redl), Armin Mueller Stahl (le prince héritier), Gudrun Landgrebe (Katalin Kybinyi), Hans Christian Blech (Von Roden), Jan Niklas (Christopher Kubinyi).   Scénario …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

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